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Five Scenarios Where Graph-Based MDM Shines Over Relational Databases

Graph-based Master Data Management systems are becoming popular as a more flexible and dynamic means of creating a single, holistic view of any data domain. In this article, we outline five industry-based scenarios where Graph outshines its relational counterparts.


Believe it or not, the structure of your MDM system can dramatically affect your organization's ability to derive insights and value from data. Traditional Master Data Management (MDM) systems are built using relational databases, whereas more modern platforms utilize Graph. With their superior handling of interconnected data, graph-based systems offer distinct advantages in several key scenarios over traditional relational databases.

Here are five situations where Graph-based MDM outperforms its relational counterparts:


1. Complex Patient Relationship Management

Scenario Description: In the healthcare sector, effective MDM is essential to handling the intricate relationships among patients, healthcare providers, treatments, and care facilities. Patients often engage with multiple healthcare professionals and undergo various treatments at different locations, forming a complex web of interrelated healthcare activities. These relationships need to be managed meticulously to ensure coordinated care and optimal health outcomes.


Graph Advantage: Graph-based MDM platforms provide a superior framework for modeling and managing the complex, multifaceted relationships inherent in the healthcare industry. Unlike relational databases, which struggle with multiple table joins and can experience slowed query performance, graph databases enable faster and more efficient traversal of connected data.

This capability allows healthcare providers to quickly visualize and understand the relationships between different entities, such as patients, doctors, treatments, and facilities. As a result, graph-based MDM facilitates more integrated and personalized patient care by enabling healthcare professionals to access a holistic view of a patient's interactions within the healthcare system, enhancing both the efficiency and quality of care delivery.


2. Multi-layered Property Ownership and Management

Scenario Description: In property management, a single property may be owned by multiple entities, involve various management companies, and be subject to leases with different tenants. Additionally, properties may be part of investment portfolios that include complex relationships with investors, service providers, and regulatory entities.


Graph Advantage:  Graph-based MDM excels in modeling and querying intricate networks of property ownership, management, and tenancy. It simplifies the visualization and exploration of how different properties, owners, and related service entities are interconnected.

This capability allows for quick and efficient data traversal, avoiding the performance bottlenecks caused by the multiple joins and complex SQL queries typical of relational databases.


3. Legal Case Management

Scenario Description: In the field of legal services, MDM must address the complex challenge of managing an extensive array of data that includes clients, cases, associated legal documents, court dates, and the intricate web of relationships with other legal entities such as law firms, courts, and government bodies. Furthermore, many cases are not standalone but interrelated, involving the same parties or revolving around similar legal principles.


Graph Advantage: Graph-based MDM has a natural capacity for managing and visualizing the complex interdependencies that characterize legal cases. This approach facilitates quick and intuitive access to interconnected data points, such as case precedents, related litigation, or detailed client histories.

This efficiency enhances the legal professionals' ability to rapidly navigate and analyze relationships and data lineage, significantly improving responsiveness and decision-making in legal practices.


4. Enhancing Retail Dynamics

Scenario Description: In the retail industry, managing the relationships between products, suppliers, customers, and store locations is crucial. Retailers must handle complex data about product lineups, seasonal promotions, supplier relationships, and customer purchasing behaviors across multiple channels. Additionally, the interconnectivity between product availability, customer preferences, and promotional activities can significantly impact sales and customer satisfaction.


Graph Advantage: Graph-based MDM provides a powerful solution by enabling dynamic and intuitive modeling of the relationships and dependencies among products, suppliers, customers, and promotions. Retailers can effortlessly map and analyze the network of interactions that define customer purchasing patterns, supply chain logistics, and inventory management.

This approach allows for quick adaptation to changes such as shifting consumer demands or supplier issues, offering a near real-time view that is crucial for optimizing product placements, promotions, and stock levels.


5. Multifaceted Supply Chain Management

Scenario Description: In the world of supply chain management, businesses must navigate a dense network of suppliers, distributors, and logistics options. Effective management in this sector requires a deep understanding of the relationships and dependencies among these elements to ensure efficiency and resilience. This is particularly crucial as modern supply chains are often global, with multi-tiered supplier structures and various logistical challenges that can impact delivery times and costs.

Graph Advantage: Graph-based MDM offers significant advantages for complex supply chain management. By utilizing graph databases, companies can effortlessly handle and analyze the interconnected data points that define their supply chain networks.

This technology excels in visualizing the relationships and dependencies within the supply chain, facilitating more informed decision-making. With graph databases, businesses can optimize routes, select suppliers, and respond to disruptions based on near real-time data, ensuring that the supply chain remains robust and responsive to changes in the market or operational conditions.


Graph-based MDM systems offer significant advantages in scenarios where data is highly interconnected and where relationships between data points are crucial to business operations. By leveraging the natural strengths of graph databases, organizations can achieve greater agility, deeper insights, and a more robust response to complex data challenges.